Single-origin: (adj.) used to describe a coffee that comes from one lot, farm, region, or country.
Before the past decade, most of the coffee people drank was probably a blend of beans purchased from different countries, roasted together to achieve a consistent taste profile. The beans used in single-origin coffees, by contrast, come from one place, whether it’s a single country, region, estate, farm, or micro-lot.
While blends derive their dominant flavors from the roasting process, single-origin coffees often have unique and distinct tastes that come naturally from the beans themselves. For example, coffees from Yirgacheffe, Ethiopia, are known for having citrusy tasting notes.